Alas Purwo National Park is situated on Blambangan Peninsula in Banyuwangi regency, at the southeastern tip of East Java province. The park is famous for its wild Banteng.
The park’s name means first forest or ancient forest, in accordance with a Javanese legend that says the earth first emerged from the ocean here.
The park is located in Blambangan Peninsula at the southeastern tip of Java island, along the shore of strait across Bali.
With an area of 434 km², the park is made up of mangroves, savanna, lowland monsoon forests and coral-fringed beaches.
It is home to some of Java’s endangered species, such as the Javanese bull (Bos javanicus) or Banteng. In April 2004, there were only 57 bulls found in the savanna of Sadengan, while the population in the previous year was estimated to be 80 to 100, but in August 2010, the scientists found 73 Banteng in the 80-hectare savanna area, a big increase in 6 years, although they faced threats of poaching and lose of habitat. Groups of bulls usually come to Sadengan in the morning and afternoon in search of plants.
Other threatened animal species protected in Alas Purwo include the Dhole, Silvered Leaf Monkey, Green Peafowl, Red Junglefowl, Olive Ridley, Hawksbill turtle and Green turtle
Alas Purwo National Park is a habitat for several species of wildlife such as:
- the ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus auratus)
- banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus)
- Asian wild dog (Cuon alpinus javanicus)
- green peafowl (Pavo muticus)
- red junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
- deer (Cervus timorensis russa)
- panther (Panthera pardus)
- leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis)
Some species of turtle like:
- the Pacific ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea)
- leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea)
- hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata)
- common green (Chelonia mydas)
In the period from October to December, some 16 species of migrant bird from Australia such as:
- the sacred kingfisher (Halcyon chloris/Todirhampus sanctus)
- blue-tailed bee-eater (Merops philippinus)
- common sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)
- wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola) can be seen in Bedul Segoro Anak.
The communities living around the Park are very typical of the “Blambangan” culture. They believe that what is now the Park was the last stopover of the Majapahit people who were escaping the onslaught of the Mataram kingdom, and they are convinced that hidden somewhere in the park is a sacred kris, or dagger, named “Keris Pusaka Sumelang Gandring”. For this reason, it is not unusual for people to meditate or hold religious ceremonies in the Park, particularly in Goa Padepokan and Goa Istana.
This Park has a diversity of ecotourism and cultural tourism attractions (sea, sand, sun, forest, wild animals and traditional cultures) which are located in close proximity to one another.
In general, there are more than 700 plant species have been identified in the region and is divided into 123 families. Verbenaceae and Poaceae are families that have the highest number of species .. If visits by grouping a place to grow, low-lying plants have most types, followed by coastal vegetation and mangroves.
About Java Amazing
JAVA AMAZING Tour is on-line indonesia Tour Operator and travel services, etablished in 2012 and located in Banyuwangi East Java, with operational coverage all indonesia.